Spring boot and Spring data JPA integration

Nowadays spring and JPA integration has become a piece of cake thanks to Spring Boot and spring Data.

I am gonna setup a postgresql server

docker pull postgres
#run the container
docker run --name postgreslocal -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres -d postgres
#get the ip
docker inspect --format '{{ .NetworkSettings.IPAddress }}' postgreslocal
#get the port
docker inspect --format '{{ .NetworkSettings.Ports }}' postgreslocal

Create the employees Table

create schema spring_data_jpa_example;

create table spring_data_jpa_example.employee(
	id  SERIAL PRIMARY KEY,
	firstname	TEXT	NOT NULL,
	lastname	TEXT	NOT NULL,	
   	email		TEXT 	not null,
   	age         INT     NOT NULL,
   	salary         real,
	unique(email)
);

insert into spring_data_jpa_example.employee (firstname,lastname,email,age,salary) 
values ('Emmanouil','Gkatziouras','gkatzioura@gmail.com',18,3000.23);

Let’s begin with our gradle file

group 'com.gkatzioura'
version '1.0-SNAPSHOT'

apply plugin: 'java'

sourceCompatibility = 1.8

buildscript {
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:1.3.3.RELEASE")
    }
}

apply plugin: 'idea'
apply plugin: 'spring-boot'

repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}

dependencies {
    compile("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web") {
        exclude module: "spring-boot-starter-tomcat"
    }
    compile("org.postgresql:postgresql:9.4-1206-jdbc42")
    compile("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-jetty")
    compile("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-jpa:1.3.3.RELEASE")
    compile("com.mchange:c3p0:0.9.5.2")
    testCompile("junit:junit:4.11");
}

As you see we added the c3p0 connection pool, the spring-boot-starter-data-jpa for hibernate and the postgres driver. That’s all we need.

The Application class

package com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;

/**
 * Created by gkatzioura on 6/2/16.
 */
@SpringBootApplication
public class Application {


    public static void main(String[] args) {

        SpringApplication springApplication = new SpringApplication();
        ApplicationContext ctx = springApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }
}

The DataSource configuration

package com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.config;

import com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

/**
 * Created by gkatzioura on 6/2/16.
 */
@Configuration
public class DataSourceConfig {

    @Bean
    public DataSource createDataSource() throws Exception {

        ComboPooledDataSource ds = new ComboPooledDataSource();
        ds.setJdbcUrl("jdbc:postgresql://172.17.0.3:5432/postgres?user=postgres&password=postgres");
        ds.setDriverClass("org.postgresql.Driver");

        return ds;
    }

}

Our entity for the table employee

package com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.persistence.entity;

import javax.persistence.*;

/**
 * Created by gkatzioura on 6/2/16.
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "employee", schema="spring_data_jpa_example")
public class Employee {

    @Id
    @Column(name = "id")
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.SEQUENCE)
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "firstname")
    private String firstName;

    @Column(name = "lastname")
    private String lastname;

    @Column(name = "email")
    private String email;

    @Column(name = "age")
    private Integer age;

    @Column(name = "salary")
    private Integer salary;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getFirstName() {
        return firstName;
    }

    public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
    }

    public String getLastname() {
        return lastname;
    }

    public void setLastname(String lastname) {
        this.lastname = lastname;
    }

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    public Integer getSalary() {
        return salary;
    }

    public void setSalary(Integer salary) {
        this.salary = salary;
    }
}

The repository that will help us access all users

package com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.persistence.repository;

import com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.persistence.entity.Employee;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

/**
 * Created by gkatzioura on 6/2/16.
 */
public interface EmployeeRepository extends JpaRepository<Employee,Long>{
}

And a controller that will fetch all the data

package com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.controller;

import com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.persistence.entity.Employee;
import com.gkatzioura.springdata.jpa.persistence.repository.EmployeeRepository;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by gkatzioura on 6/2/16.
 */
@RestController
public class TestController {

    @Autowired
    private EmployeeRepository employeeRepository;

    @RequestMapping("/employee")
    public List<Employee> getTest() {

        return employeeRepository.findAll();
    }
}

Pretty convenient considering the dependencies and the xml configuration overhead of the past.

You can find the source code on github .

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